Tcl8.6.12/Tk8.6.12 Documentation > Tk C API > MaintGeom

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NAME
Tk_MaintainGeometry, Tk_UnmaintainGeometry — maintain geometry of one window relative to another
SYNOPSIS
#include <tk.h>
Tk_MaintainGeometry(window, container, x, y, width, height)
Tk_UnmaintainGeometry(window, container)
ARGUMENTS
DESCRIPTION
KEYWORDS

NAME

Tk_MaintainGeometry, Tk_UnmaintainGeometry — maintain geometry of one window relative to another

SYNOPSIS

#include <tk.h>
Tk_MaintainGeometry(window, container, x, y, width, height)
Tk_UnmaintainGeometry(window, container)

ARGUMENTS

Tk_Window window (in)
Window whose geometry is to be controlled.

Tk_Window container (in)
Window relative to which window's geometry will be controlled.

int x (in)
Desired x-coordinate of window in container, measured in pixels from the inside of container's left border to the outside of window's left border.

int y (in)
Desired y-coordinate of window in container, measured in pixels from the inside of container's top border to the outside of window's top border.

int width (in)
Desired width for window, in pixels.

int height (in)
Desired height for window, in pixels.

DESCRIPTION

Tk_MaintainGeometry and Tk_UnmaintainGeometry make it easier for geometry managers to deal with windows whose containers are not their parents. Three problems arise if the container for a window is not its parent:

  1. The x- and y-position of the window must be translated from the coordinate system of the container to that of the parent before positioning the window.

  2. If the container window, or any of its ancestors up to the window's parent, is moved, then the window must be repositioned within its parent in order to maintain the correct position relative to the container.

  3. If the container or one of its ancestors is mapped or unmapped, then the window must be mapped or unmapped to correspond.

None of these problems is an issue if the parent and container are the same. For example, if the container or one of its ancestors is unmapped, the window is automatically removed by the screen by X.

Tk_MaintainGeometry deals with these problems for windows whose containers are not their parents, as well as handling the simpler case of windows whose container are their parents. Tk_MaintainGeometry is typically called by a window manager once it has decided where a window should be positioned relative to its container. Tk_MaintainGeometry translates the coordinates to the coordinate system of window's parent and then moves and resizes the window appropriately. Furthermore, it remembers the desired position and creates event handlers to monitor the container and all of its ancestors up to (but not including) the window's parent. If any of these windows is moved, mapped, or unmapped, the window will be adjusted so that it is mapped only when the container is mapped and its geometry relative to the container remains as specified by x, y, width, and height.

When a window manager relinquishes control over a window, or if it decides that it does not want the window to appear on the screen under any conditions, it calls Tk_UnmaintainGeometry. Tk_UnmaintainGeometry unmaps the window and cancels any previous calls to Tk_MaintainGeometry for the container-window pair, so that the window's geometry and mapped state are no longer maintained automatically. Tk_UnmaintainGeometry need not be called by a geometry manager if the window, the container, or any of the container's ancestors is destroyed: Tk will call it automatically.

If Tk_MaintainGeometry is called repeatedly for the same container-window pair, the information from the most recent call supersedes any older information. If Tk_UnmaintainGeometry is called for a container-window pair that is is not currently managed, the call has no effect.

KEYWORDS

geometry manager, map, container, parent, position, window, unmap
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Copyright © 1994-1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc.