- Tcl_CommandTraceInfo, Tcl_TraceCommand, Tcl_UntraceCommand - monitor renames and deletes of a command
- CALLING COMMANDS DURING TRACES
- MULTIPLE TRACES
- TCL_TRACE_DESTROYED FLAG
Tcl_CommandTraceInfo, Tcl_TraceCommand, Tcl_UntraceCommand - monitor renames and deletes of a command
Tcl_CommandTraceInfo(interp, cmdName, flags, proc, prevClientData)
Tcl_TraceCommand(interp, cmdName, flags, proc, clientData)
Tcl_UntraceCommand(interp, cmdName, flags, proc, clientData)
Tcl_TraceCommand allows a C procedure to monitor operations
performed on a Tcl command, so that the C procedure is invoked
whenever the command is renamed or deleted. If the trace is created
successfully then Tcl_TraceCommand returns TCL_OK. If an error
occurred (e.g. cmdName specifies a non-existent command) then
TCL_ERROR is returned and an error message is left in the
- Tcl_Interp *interp (in)
Interpreter containing the command.
- CONST char *cmdName (in)
Name of command.
- int flags (in)
OR-ed collection of the value TCL_TRACE_RENAME and TCL_TRACE_DELETE.
- Tcl_CommandTraceProc *proc (in)
Procedure to call when specified operations occur to cmdName.
- ClientData clientData (in)
Arbitrary argument to pass to proc.
- ClientData prevClientData (in)
If non-NULL, gives last value returned by Tcl_CommandTraceInfo,
so this call will return information about next trace. If NULL, this
call will return information about first trace.
The flags argument to Tcl_TraceCommand indicates when the
trace procedure is to be invoked. It consists of an OR-ed combination
of any of the following values:
Invoke proc whenever the command is renamed.
Invoke proc when the command is deleted.
Whenever one of the specified operations occurs to the command,
proc will be invoked. It should have arguments and result that
match the type Tcl_CommandTraceProc:
typedef void Tcl_CommandTraceProc(
CONST char *oldName,
CONST char *newName,
The clientData and interp parameters will have the same
values as those passed to Tcl_TraceCommand when the trace was
created. ClientData typically points to an application-specific
data structure that describes what to do when proc is invoked.
OldName gives the name of the command being renamed, and
newName gives the name that the command is being renamed to (or
an empty string or NULL when the command is being deleted.)
Flags is an OR-ed combination of bits potentially providing
several pieces of information. One of the bits TCL_TRACE_RENAME and
TCL_TRACE_DELETE will be set in flags to indicate which
operation is being performed on the command. The bit
TCL_TRACE_DESTROYED will be set in flags if the trace is about
to be destroyed; this information may be useful to proc so that
it can clean up its own internal data structures (see the section
TCL_TRACE_DESTROYED below for more details). Lastly, the bit
TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED will be set if the entire interpreter is being
destroyed. When this bit is set, proc must be especially
careful in the things it does (see the section TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED
Tcl_UntraceCommand may be used to remove a trace. If the
command specified by interp, cmdName, and flags has
a trace set with flags, proc, and clientData, then
the corresponding trace is removed. If no such trace exists, then the
call to Tcl_UntraceCommand has no effect. The same bits are
valid for flags as for calls to Tcl_TraceCommand.
Tcl_CommandTraceInfo may be used to retrieve information about
traces set on a given command.
The return value from Tcl_CommandTraceInfo is the clientData
associated with a particular trace.
The trace must be on the command specified by the interp,
cmdName, and flags arguments (note that currently the
flags are ignored; flags should be set to 0 for future
compatibility) and its trace procedure must the same as the proc
If the prevClientData argument is NULL then the return
value corresponds to the first (most recently created) matching
trace, or NULL if there are no matching traces.
If the prevClientData argument isn't NULL, then it should
be the return value from a previous call to Tcl_CommandTraceInfo.
In this case, the new return value will correspond to the next
matching trace after the one whose clientData matches
prevClientData, or NULL if no trace matches prevClientData
or if there are no more matching traces after it.
This mechanism makes it possible to step through all of the
traces for a given command that have the same proc.
During rename traces, the command being renamed is visible with both
names simultaneously, and the command still exists during delete
traces (if TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED is not set). However, there is no
mechanism for signaling that an error occurred in a trace procedure,
so great care should be taken that errors do not get silently lost.
It is possible for multiple traces to exist on the same command.
When this happens, all of the trace procedures will be invoked on each
access, in order from most-recently-created to least-recently-created.
Attempts to delete the command during a delete trace will fail
silently, since the command is already scheduled for deletion anyway.
If the command being renamed is renamed by one of its rename traces,
that renaming takes precedence over the one that triggered the trace
and the collection of traces will not be reexecuted; if several traces
rename the command, the last renaming takes precedence.
In a delete callback to proc, the TCL_TRACE_DESTROYED bit
is set in flags.
When an interpreter is destroyed, unset traces are called for
all of its commands.
The TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED bit will be set in the flags
argument passed to the trace procedures.
Trace procedures must be extremely careful in what they do if
the TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED bit is set.
It is not safe for the procedures to invoke any Tcl procedures
on the interpreter, since its state is partially deleted.
All that trace procedures should do under these circumstances is
to clean up and free their own internal data structures.
Tcl doesn't do any error checking to prevent trace procedures
from misusing the interpreter during traces with TCL_INTERP_DESTROYED
clientData, trace, command
Copyright © 2002 Donal K. Fellows
Copyright © 1995-1997 Roger E. Critchlow Jr.