Tcl_CreateChannelHandler, Tcl_DeleteChannelHandler - call a procedure when a channel becomes readable or writable


#include <tcl.h>
Tcl_CreateChannelHandler(channel, mask, proc, clientData)
Tcl_DeleteChannelHandler(channel, proc, clientData)


Tcl_Channel channel (in)
Tcl channel such as returned by Tcl_CreateChannel.

int mask (in)
Conditions under which proc should be called: OR-ed combination of TCL_READABLE, TCL_WRITABLE and TCL_EXCEPTION. Specify a zero value to temporarily disable an existing handler.

Tcl_FileProc *proc (in)
Procedure to invoke whenever the channel indicated by channel meets the conditions specified by mask.

ClientData clientData (in)
Arbitrary one-word value to pass to proc.


Tcl_CreateChannelHandler arranges for proc to be called in the future whenever input or output becomes possible on the channel identified by channel, or whenever an exceptional condition exists for channel. The conditions of interest under which proc will be invoked are specified by the mask argument. See the manual entry for fileevent for a precise description of what it means for a channel to be readable or writable. Proc must conform to the following prototype:
typedef void Tcl_ChannelProc(
	ClientData clientData,
	int mask);

The clientData argument is the same as the value passed to Tcl_CreateChannelHandler when the handler was created. Typically, clientData points to a data structure containing application-specific information about the channel. Mask is an integer mask indicating which of the requested conditions actually exists for the channel; it will contain a subset of the bits from the mask argument to Tcl_CreateChannelHandler when the handler was created.

Each channel handler is identified by a unique combination of channel, proc and clientData. There may be many handlers for a given channel as long as they don't have the same channel, proc, and clientData. If Tcl_CreateChannelHandler is invoked when there is already a handler for channel, proc, and clientData, then no new handler is created; instead, the mask is changed for the existing handler.

Tcl_DeleteChannelHandler deletes a channel handler identified by channel, proc and clientData; if no such handler exists, the call has no effect.

Channel handlers are invoked via the Tcl event mechanism, so they are only useful in applications that are event-driven. Note also that the conditions specified in the mask argument to proc may no longer exist when proc is invoked: for example, if there are two handlers for TCL_READABLE on the same channel, the first handler could consume all of the available input so that the channel is no longer readable when the second handler is invoked. For this reason it may be useful to use nonblocking I/O on channels for which there are event handlers.


Notifier, Tcl_CreateChannel, Tcl_OpenFileChannel, vwait(n).


blocking, callback, channel, events, handler, nonblocking.
Copyright © 1996 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Copyright © 1995-1997 Roger E. Critchlow Jr.